Remote installation over NFS
At the outset I would like to tell you that this article is aimed at those
who have had previous installation experience on any distribution of
Linux. Even if you don't fall into that category, it still doesn't hurt to know a
little bit more about the OS of your choice. Now roll up your sleeves and
let's get started.
It was most likely that you installed your first Linux box from a bootable
CDROM. Maybe your motherboard didn't support booting from the
CDROM and you had to make a bootable floppy instead. Now that wasn't all
you knew about the methods of installing Linux locally. You even knew that
Linux could be installed over a network but could never get yourself to do
it. In this article I will take you through one method of remote
installation -- over NFS.
This article does not cover installation of Linux but only
a method of remote installing Linux. Therefore problems regarding Installation
are out of the scope of this article.
Just as the choice for various architectures exists, Linux also provides you
the choice over the method of installation. If your machine lacks
a CDROM drive, you could always install Linux from another machine that
does have one. You can also install over FTP or via HTTP.
I'm using Red Hat here but using SuSE isn't much different either.
Installing Linux over an NFS share
I'm describing the method of installing Linux over a local LAN using NFS
because it's the easiest to setup and use.
So here goes: Take hold of a blank floppy and your RedHat installation CDROM. Insert
your Red Hat CDROM into the drive and mount it with the following command.
Now check if you have a NFS server installed with the following command:
bash#rpm -qa | grep nfs
If the output of the command is something like this ...
... you have a NFS server installed on your Linux box. If this command
doesn't produce any output but you know you have a different NFS server
installed, just skip the following step.
Su to root and enter into the directory /mnt/cdrom/RedHat/RPMS with the
Having changed into the directory issue the following command to install
the NFS server.
bash#rpm -ivh nfs-utils-0.1.6-2.i386.rpm.
Now let's configure the shares in the /etc/exports file. The /etc/exports
file contains a list of the directories that you would want to export over